Posts Tagged ‘personal rapid transit’

Personal Rapid Transit News (March 2014)

Monday, March 3rd, 2014

Breaking news related to automated transit networks (ATN – an umbrella term for personal rapid transit (PRT) and group rapid transit (GRT) systems, also known as podcars), along with links where available. Reader beware: we publish links to articles that appear to be newsworthy, without concern as to whether or not they are for or against PRT and without checking their sources. Comment directly on the original article, not here.

Unfortunately, the pod car never took off

Mountain View residents who may have dreamed of seeing a space-age transportation system of “pod cars” strung along Shoreline Boulevard between downtown and the North Bayshore had to be disappointed when the City Council pulled the plug on a small investment in the experimental system proposed by SkyTran.  Read More…

WVU finance committee gets update on athletic facilities plan, PRT modernization

Significant facilities improvements and investments are in store for West Virginia University athletic facilities and the Personal Rapid Transit system, pending Board of Governors approval at the April 4 meeting as well as further authorization from the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission at its April meeting.  Read More..

news_LHRpod2The Heathrow Pod

The Heathrow pod is Ultra Global’s innovative Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) system at London’s Heathrow Airport, the service provides passengers transport between the airport’s Terminal 5 and a designated business car park. The PRT system has been open since May 2011 and has carried close to a million passengers. Mark Griffiths is Ultra Global’s Head of Operations and has been in charge of the team of controllers and technicians responsible for the day to day running of the system. Some of the stats from the system include:

  • Saved 200 tonnes of Co2 from the previous bus service
  • Has taken 70,000 bus journeys off of Heathrow’s congested roads each year
  • Has been voted the best passenger service on the airport campus
  • The pods at Heathrow have travelled over 2 million autonomous kilometres  …Read More…

SP body seeks detailed info on transport system

THE City Council’s committee on transportation has requested Polish inventor Ollie Mikosza, proponent of the Metropolitan Individual System of Transportation (Mister), an elevated rail personal rapid transfer system (PRT), to provide them a much more detailed information on the new transportation system.  The Mister-PRT system is a “high level mini-taxi” service where small, fully automatic, air-conditioned, driverless, and light weight pods are propelled by pollution-free motors.  Read More…

Mountain View passes on funding pod car projectnews_skytranMtview

The Mountain View City Council isn’t interested in becoming a crusader for pod car technology.  The council reached that conclusion following a discussion Tuesday night about a request by skyTran, a Mountain View-based firm developing “personal rapid transit” technology, to participate in talks about creating a $750,000 federal grant program to fund a proof of concept demonstration project.  Read More..

news_MtViewPlanMake-or-break council decision on pod cars tonight

Tonight City Council members will decide what to do about their longstanding interest in having an automated transit network in Mountain View.  The futuristic idea is being raised as a way to deal with traffic congestion in Google’s neighborhood north of Highway 101, where 3.4 million square feet of new offices could be built under a land use plan the council is considering this year.   Read More….

West Virginia transportation system inspires Lubbock monorail ideanews_mtown2

Morgantown PRT system costs $5.5 million per year to operate; funded by mix of federal money, student fees and rider fares.  Texas Tech and Lubbock developers aren’t the first from a large university or a medium-sized city to consider campus-to-downtown transit.  Big 12 rival West Virginia University has had a system designed to do just that in place for three decades.  WVU’s Personal Rapid Transit system is a public transportation service that connects downtown Morgantown with the university’s three campuses. Students, faculty and staff, as well as the general public, use it. It’s funded largely by student fees, and it’s working, administrators say.  Read More…

news_skytranMountain View at a crossroads with pod cars

The Mountain View City Council is set next week to consider ramping up the city’s involvement in the development of so-called pod cars as one potential solution to local gridlock.  SkyTran, a Mountain View-based firm developing “personal rapid transit” and “automated transit network” technologies, is looking for the city to back its efforts to build a “proof-of-concept” demonstration project at NASA Ames Research Center at Moffett Field.  Read More…

Futurist Thomas Fray

Futurist Thomas Fray

The Next Bold Step in Transportation:  Personal Rapid Transit Systems

Throughout history, speed has been synonymous with greatness. In sports, those who ran the fastest were heroes. In times of war, those with the fastest chariots, ships, planes, and weapons had a significant advantage. In the business world, a company’s competitive edge has typically been formed around speed – quickest delivery, fastest transaction times, or speed of information.  With the aid of technology, we’ve found ways to speed up communications – voice, text, email, social networking, and even delivery systems. But we’ve only been able to achieve minor advances in the speed of physically traveling somewhere.  Read More…

Proposed transport system tackled todaynews_MisterPRT

THE Davao City Council, through the committee on transportation, is set to hold a committee hearing today on the proposal of a Metropolitan Individual System of Transportation to set up an Elevated Rail-Personal Rapid Transit (Mister-PRT) system by Polish inventor Ollie Mikosza, an official said.  Based on technical descriptions contained in the proposal, Mister “is a ‘high level mini-taxi’ service where small, fully automatic, air-conditioned, driverless, and light weight pods are propelled by pollution-free motors.”  Read More…

news_Navia100Driverless shuttle makes rounds with self-sufficient, 24-hour capability

A driverless shuttle made a brief appearance at the Cottages at Brushy Creek last week to introduce engineers, businessmen and the public to the testing of Induct’s Navia 100 – an all-electric vehicle. A touch screen display illustrates the stops on the course mapped by GPS. Users can summon the shuttle with their smart phones.  Navia has zero emissions, can travel at 12.5 mph and carry up to eight passengers. It is fully electric and recharged by induction – using magnetic fields – without the need for cables or human intervention, allowing it to be self-sufficient and run 24 hours a day.  Read More….

news_MontgomeryMakeover Montgomery II, a conference to be held May 8-10, 2014 in Silver Spring Maryland, will include an ATRA presentation showing attendees how PRT can be used to enhance light rail and bus rapid transit. The primary example will be PRT enhancements to the future Montgomery County, Maryland Bus Rapid Transit Network. The PRT network would act as a circulator shuttling passengers from the single BRT stop to their building in the Shady Grove complex. Read more…

news_Heathrow2014Video: The future of driverless transport is hiding at Heathrow

Driverless vehicles are either the future of motoring or the death knell for public transport, depending on whether you take your travel news from Google or the RMT.  But tucked away beyond domestic arrivals at Heathrow is a driverless transport network that has been running successfully for nearly three years and is the first of its kind in the world, with ambitions to be one of Britain’s biggest exports in the industry.  Read More, View Video…

Cross Kirkland Corridor Symposium Summary

Tuesday, February 25th, 2014

By Kate Engel

The Kirkland Symposium was held on Saturday, February 8, 2014 with good attendance.  The agenda consisted of a brief Welcome and Introductions by Darcy Nothnagle, Public Affairs and Government Relations Managers, Western Region, Google (in whose building the meeting took place).  She emphasized that Google promotes a ‘green’ environment and greatly supports the efforts that will be discussed in the Symposium since they will be directly affected by the decisions made in Kirkland.

This was followed by some brief comments on the theme ofSuburban Transit Innovations’:

Mayor Amy Walen, City of Kirkland

Mayor Amy Walen wants to find ways to make transit happen sooner and applauds the goals of the symposium!  She set the theme ‘Why Not Us?’ and ‘Why Not Now?’ as the Cross Kirkland Corridor theme for innovation.

Congresswoman Suzan DelBene, 1st Congressional District of Washington

Strongly agreeing with Mayor Walen, Suzan DelBene applauded the areas’ “incredible spirit of innovation” and creativity, as well as  a community of risk-takers.  She agrees that the vision for Kirkland is ‘futuristic’ and believes that Kirkland will build a world-class, public amenity.

Triplet KS 1Kurt Triplett, City Manager, City of Kirkland

Kurt, the Symposium’s organizer, also believes that the NW region is one of great innovations.  He continued to tout the ‘Why Not Us’ theme of the symposium.  He challenged attendees to ‘use our imaginations to move forward’, and reminded all why we are here.  He asked:  ‘How do we create brand new, clean, green, transportation technologies that fit into the suburbs, that don’t have emissions, that are quiet, and don’t need gas.”   He showed existing Kirkland transportation modes, but highlighted the ‘gaps’ that need to be discussed today.  Planning for today and future is an important component in meeting the demands in the timely matter.

The rest of the day was split into 4 panels with multiple speakers in each followed by a brief Q&A session.  Here is a brief summary of those panels and speakers, in order of presentation:

Panel 1:  The Corridor Connections to our Regional Transportation System facilitated by Mark Hallenbeck, Director, UW Washington State Transportation Center

Mark emphasized what a wonderful opportunity we have to build something great here!  However, we must support our Public Servants in getting the public to, literally, ‘buy’ into whatever we come up with.

Judy Clibborn, Chair, House Transportation Committee, Washington State Legislature

Judy discussed the intricacies of government funding for transportation, and the battle for funds.  She advised of the newest ‘Senate package’ coming out next week that will provide needed funding for the 520 Highway, no tolling on I90, and a number of major projects based on freight mobility.   To get packages approved, there is a lot of compromise.  They must concentrate on completing existing projects as well as maintaining existing roadways.  They also compete with non-transit needs such as education (which is a mandatory expenditure).  She continues to champion the way for funding transportation, but asks local governments to keep pushing to find creative ways to fund transit needs.

Lorena Eng, P.E. Regional Administrator, Northwest Region, Washington State Department of Transportation

Lorena Eng announced the new governor’s mission:  ‘Be the best at providing a sustainable and integrated, multi-modal transportation system’.  The value is to view innovation as ‘sustainability’ with goals for modal integration and smart technology.  She featured current integrations of ‘smart technology’ in the area that support the commitment to an innovative future in line with the goals of this symposium.

She asked:  How can we build on the technology that’s out there?  And how can we link the new technology to existing transit:  buses, rail, streetcar, ferries….  Input from this symposium will go into their ‘plan’!

Trinity Parker, Depart of Planning, Environment and Project Development, Sound Transit

Sound_KSFilling in for Ric Ilgenfritz, Trinity Parker explained the Sound Board has 18 people who meet, discuss, and determine needs for the area.  They gather demographic data to determine needs – highlighting population employment areas and how to connect them.  Plans are already in the mix to increase Light Rail by 2023 to 33 stations, 14 cities and over 280,000 riders/day – up from current 30,000.  This Sound Board as the ability to fund future projects, and estimates that by the end of 2014, they could start the steps to get the ‘Cross Kirkland Corridor’ on the ballot for funding.

Harold Taniguchi, Director, Department of Transportation, King County

LongRangeHarold’s concerns include all modes of transportation, from Ferries to Vanpools.  Sales Tax is the predominate factor in the revenue structure and the recent economic downturn affected their spending, requiring them to ‘buckle’ down and make changes accordingly.  King County already offers a huge variety of transit modes including:  Vanpools, Vanshares, DART, Dial-a-ride, Water taxis, Rideshares, hybrid-electric buses, electric trolley/bus fleet, Metro-pool, and they are installing electric stations.  They have re-assessed needs based on new ridership studies, but believe that with more service comes more riders, and they have come up with an elaborate, methodical method for determining service levels and demands which will help propel them into the future.

Panel 2:  Introduction to Advanced Transportation Technology, facilitated by Dr. Stanley E Young, President, Advanced Transit Association, University of Maryland Center for Advanced Transportation Technology

ATN_KS2Dr Young gave a general overview of PRT:

-Fully automated

-Typically small vehicles (- 4 passengers)

-Rapid (25mph)

-Direct origin to destination

-3 Second headway

He also defined ATN as a more inclusive term for automated transit.

So, what about automated vehicles?  And how will that affect our transit concepts?  Although not a big discussion here today, but certainly something to consider.  He also offered up some ideas for ATN as an activity center circulator and major transit feeder, or as a Transit Interconnect as being discussed as options in the D.C. area.

3sysPTT_KSPeter Muller, President, PRT Consulting

There are currently 3 systems in use today, with data and statistics to validate concerns.  Each system operates a bit differently:

  • Masdar City, Abu Dhabi (4 passengers)
  • London, Heathrow Airport, U.K. (4 PAX + luggage)
  • Suncheon, Korea (6 PAX seated, 6 standing)

Mr. Muller also explained the statistical comparisons between these

systems. He showed results from numerous studies in the US and abroad that indicate the high level of service of ATN will dramatically increase overall transit mode share.

David Gow, Editor, PRT NewsCenter

STARR_KSAddressing GRT (Group Rapid Transit), David explained that GRT lies somewhere between PRT and mass transit (e.g. Bus/Streetcar/LRT/Metro/Intercity).  He gave us a ‘history’ of GRT, starting in the 1960s when the Urban Mass Transit Admin was formed and tasked with ‘PRT Implementation’.  The resulting “STARR Car” was promoted and demoed in Morgantown, WV (due to political connections of the US Rep there).  There were trials and tribulations (including locking Julie Nixon in the car during the highly publicized introduction), but eventually Morgantown became one of the first successes of PRT/GRT, linking campus for the UWV.  It is still in existence today!

Panel 3:  Opportunity for Emerging Technology on the Cross Kirkland Corridor, facilitated by Steve Marshall, Executive Director, Center for Advanced Transportation and Energy solutions

With the focus on emerging technologies, Steve emphasized the need to provide accident-free, congestion-free, lower-cost, green transportation in the future.  We are looking at huge changes in transit that the CKC can help bring in from the future!  He challenged the panel to discuss 3 Qs:

What other cities are using this ‘futuristic’ transit?

Do any systems meet the CKC requirements?

What the opportunities for expansion?

LevX_KS1Jo Klinski, Chief Operating Officer, LEVX

As a local NW company, LEVX has long integrated smart technology into their company focus.  They focused on replacing weight-bearing wheels with magnetic levitation.  She explained what their technology could look like in CKC.

  • The system would operate above ground with minimal structural needs, adding to safety, land usage efficiencies, and possible additional bonuses (restrooms for pedestrian/cycle paths).
  • Bi-directional guideways, with options for a variety of vehicle sizes; from 6 PAX to 80 PAX – operating on the same track, thus filling needs for high-demand times vs low-demand.
  • Options for freight vehicles on the same track.
  • Ability to extend into Redmond and additional communities beyond.
  • Low energy usage, as well as being non-electric (stills runs even if the local power goes out)

Estimated data provided that shows a   Renton to Woodville/Redmond line, end to end, would be FASTER than driving HWY 405 the same distance!

skyT_KS

Robert Baertsch, EVP Software Engineering, SkyTran

The BIG Question?  How do you fund these systems?  Robert challenged that cost is directly connected to the weight, and SkyTran provides an excellent alternative to higher-cost, heavier systems.  The SkyTran vehicles holds only 2 passengers, keeping weight, hence, costs, down.

The fundamental differences with SkyTran from other PRTs is SPEED!  SkyTran provides a 2 speed guideway that allows for an inner-city speed of 40mph and a ‘suburban’ speed of 100mph.  Like RevX, it operates on a magnetic elevation system or magnetic ‘wings’.  Their aluminum rails are simple to manufacture, also at a lower cost.  The guideways are narrower (4 feet wide) and boasts the option to be ‘hanging’ or ‘top riding’ .  Using solar power is also an easy add-on with the less-intrusive, minimal infrastructure needed to support SkyTran.  He emphasized that SkyTran is FAST, SAFE, GREEN, and ENERGY efficient.

CyberKSNeil Sinclair, Chairman, CyberTran International Inc.

A group of engineers were tasked to define the needs and abilities for the best solution to high-cost, efficient transit, and they came up with utilizing old and new technology.  They combined the traditional ‘steel wheel on steel rail’ system used today with the smart technology of the future to suggest an ‘ultra-light rail system’.  This would be a combination local, commuter, and high-speed system that can travel FAST (150mph), with an optimum capacity of 6-30 passengers, and could run on electric or solar energy.  Stations might also include TOD.  The last slide depicts a modern vision for the CKC.

cableKSSteven Dale, Founding Principal, Creative Urban Projects

Cable-propelled transit has been around for years…and it just gets better!  This is a PROVEN system that boasts of lower costs, faster implementation, and a bit of ‘flare’.   Images of falling off ski-lifts as a child meld with the newer, bigger, cable-car systems in use today:  Medellin, Columbia (now in its’ 3rd phase addition), Sentosa, Singapore (one station built into an existing high-rise), Roosevelt Island, NY (recently renovated).  Cable transit is one of the fastest growing technologies in the world today, with Latin America as its ‘epicenter’.  It is, again, a PROVEN system with lower implementation costs, less invasive, and with a bit of ‘tourism’ added in, possibly profitable.

Panel 4:  Case Studies:  Implementation of Advanced Transit Systems, facilitated by Jon Pascal, Principal, Transpo Group; Chair, Kirkland Planning Commission

Jon Pascal challenged:

How do we get beyond the academic side? What does it take to implement an advanced transit system? What are the things that regional and local areas need to think about? And how do we operate it over time?

IstituteKSRon Swenson, Co-Founder, International Institute of Sustainable Transportation
It takes a lot of different players to come up with the best solutions, and incorporating Universities into the mix (as they have done in Europe and Mexico) is an excellent option.  Ron’s group issued a challenge to universities to come up with ideas, and the results were amazing.  Industrial Design students, Urban Planning students, and even MBA students offered input.   Some of the results of their efforts showed:

  • Solar power should be used (yes, even in Seattle)
  • Speed, end to end, should be better than driving.
  • There should be a ‘direct’ connect (bypass any ‘center point’)
  • Vehicles should be suspended for narrower, less invasive design

Ron stressed that we all need to raise the bar to succeed!

SJCAP_KSLaura Stuchinsky, Sustainability Officer, City of San Jose Transportation Department (virtual)

Tasked with Project Management of a feasibility study to connect the SJC airport with existing transit, Laura determined that the original idea of APM connecting underground was too expensive, but a form of PRT was more flexible and less costly.

Positives:

  • Better quality of service (could actually provide additional stops/advantages for passengers)
  • Capital Costs were lower
  • O & M costs were similar to bus shuttles

Challenges:

  • Exceeded proven capabilities
  • Costs and Risks high until 1) Refine/Confirm capabilities and business cases and 2) US regulation requirements are established

Conclusion:  The City of San Jose turned down the options as there are too many ‘unknowns’; however, the City of San Jose does see ATN/PRT as a viable options for future projects, and they have actually identified several locations for future discussion.

Fred Payne, County Councilmember, Greenville, South Carolina

GSPKSSelf-professed academic, non-bureaucratic civil servant, Fred Payne, discussed how they used Steven Covey’s 7 ‘habits’ to come up with a plan for implementing PRT.   Using the end goal of GreenvilleVillages Development helped them plan their implementation for a multi-modal transit system utilizing 3.4 miles of railroad track they purchased.  This systematic process, along with a lot of research will propel Greenville, SC into the future!

news_Moti KSMoti Pinhassi, Urban and Regional Planner, City Center Renewal Division, Netanya Municipality, Israel (virtual)

As a University student, Moti was challenged by a Professor to ‘show the future’ in the year 2050.  He came up with a design of a downtown street that held no cars, just a park with an elevated, ATN system.

When he looked online, he found it already existed, and that shaped his future endeavors.  He now works in Netanya, Israel and is working on a solution for transit within this town ‘divided’.  Like Kirkland, a major highway separates the 2 sides of the town – old town and new.  The old town suffers from congestion and a lack of parking, which prohibits growth and deters prospective visitors.   Moti believes that PRT is a viable solution to their space and structural challenges, and will promote PRT as their best option.

CaseDENKSPeter Muller, President, PRT Consulting

Once again, Peter Muller joined in to show case studies of actual comparisons of PRT to other modes of transit.  He provided statistics on PRT vs  Circular Bus, BRT (Greenville), LRT (Denver), Rail (Chicago), and Ft Carson (Colorado).

Each instance showed positive impact when choosing PRT – both in the efficiency and cost factors for implementation.

This concluded the panel discussions, and what ensued were open, facilitated discussions.  To view in its entirety, View Here…


Personal Rapid Transit News (January 2014)

Thursday, January 9th, 2014

Breaking news related to automated transit networks (ATN – an umbrella term for personal rapid transit (PRT) and group rapid transit (GRT) systems, also known as podcars), along with links where available. Reader beware: we publish links to articles that appear to be newsworthy, without concern as to whether or not they are for or against PRT and without checking their sources. Comment directly on the original article, not here.

Greenville Personal Rapid Transit

news_ultra1

Call a private vehicle to a transit stop.  Select your destination.  Hop in and be whisked away non-stop to where you want to go.  It is point-to-point.  It is on-demand.  It is private.  It is a revolutionary urban mass transit system coming to Greenville.  Most riders will choose to ride it because it provides connectivity…Read More…

news_Transport1970People Movers:  The Great Transportation Promise of the 1970s

In the 1970s, personal rapid transit (PRT) was supposed to be America’s great transportation savior.  It combined the privacy of a privately owned car with the efficiency of mass transit. But despite a great deal of hype, this futuristic transportation tech is still mostly relegated to the future that never was. Serious research on PRT systems was already taking place in the 1950s, but it wasn’t until the 1970s — when the economy was in the toilet and the energy crisis hit — that it started to become a mainstream cause in futurist circles.  Read More…

news_kirklandKirkland Thinks Outside The Box For Cross Kirkland Corridor with Transportation Symposium

The terms Skytran, Cybertran, and Personal Rapid Transit may sound like words you would hear in a futuristic movie or read in a science fiction novel.  But they are names for cutting-edge transportation technologies that leaders from Kirkland and around the region are exploring at an upcoming transportation symposium.  Read More…

Interview:  Steve Severance Makes the Business Case for Masdar City

news_SeveranceAbu Dhabi’s sustainability week – one of the largest sustainability gatherings in the world – draws more than 30,000 participants from 150 countries. As a key organizer of the event, Masdar, Abu Dhabi’s renewable energy company, receives a great deal of attention from visiting dignitaries, world leaders and media alike.  I had a chance to sit down with Steve Severance, manager of program management and investments for Masdar City, to discuss how the company is walking the fine line between sustainable innovation and savvy business management.  Read More…

news_podpodMarch of the pods: How design is going egg-shaped

Conjugate the verb “to pod”. I pod, you pod, we pod, they pod … yes, the pod is set to come bursting out of solitary confinement thanks to a multitude of design innovations to whisk you and your overstuffed luggage around airports, send you cruising the oceans and at the end of it all give you a place to grab a quick snooze. From this year, the pod will no longer be the lonely preserve of “I” because everybody will be in or on one…Read More…

Amritsar3Government puts brakes on PRTS system

The state government’s ambitious Personal Rapid Transit System (PRTS) appears to have been put on     the back burner as Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Badal stated that the only company that had come      forward to execute the project had doubtful credibility.  Read More…

news_atn

New Year Energy Burst

2014 starts with an upsurge if active demands for modern    mobility options, with much focused on the maturing forms  of ATN now available or judged within technological reach with modest risk.  On January 10, the mayor of Huntsville AL will unveil plans for CBD redevelopment that include a simple three-station APM.  Read More…

Cutting-edge public transport

news_LHR14 Personal rapid transit (PRT) pods may appear as something exclusively restricted to sci-fi films, but at Heathrow airport this cutting-edge transportation is very much a practical reality. In 2011 the airport became home to the first commercial PRT application in the world, with the purple pods whisking passengers from the Terminal 5 business car park to the main terminal building.  Read More…

wvuTransportation Gets Personal

When West Virginia University opened its personal rapid transit(PRT) system in 1975, it seemed on the edge of high tech. The short distance, small vehicle-focused people transporter helped the university to expand enrollment from 10,000 to 30,000, by enabling tighter class schedules and ensuring students could arrive on time. Read More…

Read More…

Some Thoughts on PRT Station Layouts

Wednesday, January 8th, 2014
Offline Station with Offline Bays

Offline Station with Offline Bays

A major advantage of PRT is the ability to provide offline stations that allow vehicles to go non-stop, from origin to destination. The ability to have station bays that are offline to each other was first conceived during the Heathrow Project and has also been implemented at Masdar City.

Offline Station with Inline Bays

Offline Station with Inline Bays

On the other hand, the Suncheon project has a more conventional layout where the bays are in line with each other.  In-line bays are more efficient and require less vehicle dwell time. However, a delay in a preceding vehicle delays following vehicles. This is not thought to be a significant problem given the high reliability of PRT systems and their simplicity of use. Now that Suncheon is operational, we should be getting data regarding the effectiveness of inline station bays.

Offline Bays Requiring No Reversing

Offline Bays Requiring No Reversing

The late Professor Martin Lowson patented a modified station bay layout that allows independent vehicle operation without requiring the vehicles to back up.   This more efficient operation is partially offset by the need for a longer platform to accommodate vehicle departures.

In considering a PRT system serving a commuter rail station, PRT consulting developed the conceptual station layout shown below. It combines elements of in-line and offline stations and is expected to be quite an efficient way of laying out a large capacity station.

Offline Station with Inline and Offline Bays

Offline Station with Inline and Offline Bays

It should be noted that offline station bays require vehicle paths to cross each other. While this can be safely accomplished in a station environment by open-guideway type PRT systems (such as Ultra and 2getthere), captive-bogey systems (such as Vectus and Taxi 2000) probably will not be able to maneuver in this way.

Personal Rapid Transit News (December 2013)

Tuesday, December 17th, 2013

Breaking news related to automated transit networks (ATN – an umbrella term for personal rapid transit (PRT) and group rapid transit (GRT) systems, also known as podcars), along with links where available. Reader beware: we publish links to articles that appear to be newsworthy, without concern as to whether or not they are for or against PRT and without checking their sources. Comment directly on the original article, not here.

news_mas

Masdar 3 year anniversary

On November 28th 2010 the Masdar City PRT application was the world’s first podcar system to open to the general public. Last week the system celebrated the completion of its third year of operation, having transported over 819,000 passengers during that time. Read more…

news_sj2Silicon Valley moving on and those who make it happen

As usual, many of the things that changes our world start in Silicon Valley. Today the Podcar/ATN community experiences a dramatic increase of interest from universities and cities in The Valley. Under leadership from Ron Swenson of INIST, seven cities and three universities now collaborate in moving the technology and good use of sustainable transportation forward. Read more…

news_arupPRT at Heathrow – 2 years on

Has the project been successful and is Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) the way forward for ‘last mile’ solutions?
It is two years since Vince Cable came to visit the opening of the Arup designed PRT system at Heathrow Terminal 5.
Has the project been successful and is Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) the way forward for ‘last mile’ solutions? It is two years since Vince Cable came to visit the opening of the Arup designed PRT system at Heathrow Terminal 5. Read more…

news_sjsSpartan Superway

Late last month just before Thanksgiving, San Jose students explained their design work for a solar PRT project in front of professors and mostly California officials and various citizens concerned about carbon emissions and the crying need for serious alternatives to driving for general community and metro mobility. Read more…

news_wasWashington Dysfunction

APTA claims to speak for US transit. Strangely, it has little to say about full automation, and more specifically about driverless metros. Can we expect better from the USDOT or Congress? Read more…

news_ultra13Ultra Global and Taiwanese partners to carry out landmark study into Personal Rapid Transit (PRT)

Ultra Global is delighted to announce that it has signed a contract with its partners China Engineering Consultants Inc (CECI) to carry out a feasibility study into the deployment of Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) within Taiwan. The agreement, the first to explore Ultra’s transport technology in Taiwan highlights the continued interest being shown in PRT across the South East Asian region. Read more…

Platform Doors – a Necessary Evil?

Tuesday, December 3rd, 2013

All three modern personal rapid transit (PRT) systems presently in public operation have platform doors which are synchronized with the vehicle doors and which remain closed unless a vehicle is present. These doors perform two primary functions:

  1. They prevent access to the track from the platform
  2. They prevent conditioned air from escaping into the track area

Before we consider whether or not these doors are necessary perhaps we should first discuss their evil nature. Certainly they are not the worst things that could be imposed upon a PRT system. However, they do add quite significantly to the capital and operating costs. Furthermore, they are an added complexity in a system that is already complex. They can fail and, especially with in-line station bays, their failure can cause significant system disruption.

There is no doubt that human or animal access to the track from the platform is undesirable – whether intentional or accidental. The question is whether or not platform doors are required in order to sufficiently prevent access. The best answer seems to be to look at systems with a long history of operation. Train systems around the world operate without platform doors but do not have impeccable safety records. However, trains enter the platform area at high speed and often have high-voltage third rails at track level. The track environment is thus extremely dangerous and can easily lead to accidental or intentional (suicidal or murder) death.

PRT systems with their offline stations do not have vehicles passing through at high speeds and often do not have electric third rails, although these may be replaced by safer battery recharge connection plates. Fortunately there is one such system that does not have platform doors from which we can gather data. Morgantown has no platform doors but does have an electric third rail system. While the platform has a railing, this railing is discontinued at the boarding positions and track access is readily available from the platform. Signs instruct passengers to keep clear of the platform edge and, it is believed, controllers warn passengers on the public address system who are observed straying too close. This simple methodology has successfully prevented any accidents in more than 50 million passenger boardings over a period of about 38 years. Proof enough?

Morgantown Platform Warning Sign

Morgantown Platform Warning Sign

Using platform doors to contain conditioned air is obviously only necessary if the platform air is conditioned. It is probably a vital function in systems with extreme weather conditions such as the Masdar PRT system near Abu Dhabi.

The need for PRT platform doors is a topic that needs further research. In the meantime it appears doors may be difficult to justify from a safety standpoint based on the Morgantown experience. If this is correct, they may be an evil necessitated mostly by extreme weather conditions.

3rd International Conference on Urban Public Transportation Systems

Saturday, November 23rd, 2013

Paris, France, November 18 – 20, 2013

Although lightly attended, this conference was dynamic with high-quality speakers and audience. There were two sessions devoted to PRT with a total of six PRT-related papers.

Design and Innovation

Personal Rapid transit Live Applications Challenges by Joerg Schweizer, Ph.D., University of Bologna, Italy, addressed the pros and cons of PRT systems with a focus on those presently in service. Dr. Schweizer set the stage for the following presentations by outlining PRT characteristics and explaining PRT functionality.

PRT Urban Applications, Small to Large by Peter Muller, PRT Consulting, investigated three potential PRT applications in urban settings. It concluded that PRT can be a great rail extension alternative – in the applications examined it could provide a wider service area for less cost. PRT also has good potential as an area-wide networked transportation system and could be quite cost effective even in relatively sprawling suburban neighborhoods

PRT Statewide Application: The Conceptual Design of a Transit System Capable of Serving Essentially all Daily Trips by Alain Kornhauser, Ph.D., F.ASCE, Princeton University reported on a body of work undertaken by Princeton students to examine PRT in the State of New Jersey. Micro-modeling of population and demographics was used to determine trip demands.

Planning & Operations

Planning for Personal Rapid Transit – How to Plan for this Paradigm-Breaking Mode of Transportation by Peter Muller, PRT Consulting was a primer aimed at outlining key differences between PRT and conventional transit planning. It provided a summary of the characteristics of the Heathrow (Ultra), Masdar City (2getthere) and Suncheon (Vectus) PRT systems and concluded that PRT could dramatically increase transit ride share, cover its own operating (and possibly capital) costs and thus potentially be a game changer.

PRT Mode Share Estimations Using a Direct Demand Stated Preference Method by Joerg Schweizer, Ph.D., University of Bologna, Italy described a fascinating study where PRT mode share was estimated by questioning potential riders without ever describing PRT to the respondees. In all cases, the study found that transit use would be boosted considerably if an area-wide PRT system was added.

PRT as a Supplement to Existing Transportation Modes by Ingmar Andreasson, Ph.D., LogistikCentrum, Sweden described various studies that had investigated how PRT could supplement conventional transit. It found that PRT could boost transit ridership by acting as a collector/distributor helping to solve the last mile problem. It also found that PRT could quite successfully deal with surge loads at a train station.

Personal Rapid Transit News (November 2013)

Thursday, November 7th, 2013

Breaking news related to automated transit networks (ATN – an umbrella term for personal rapid transit (PRT) and group rapid transit (GRT) systems, also known as podcars), along with links where available. Reader beware: we publish links to articles that appear to be newsworthy, without concern as to whether or not they are for or against PRT and without checking their sources. Comment directly on the original article, not here.

news_smsSJSU Spartan Superway Design Workshop

On November 23rd, I had the opportunity to attend a student design workshop for a new Automated Transit Network (ATN) system.  This interdisciplinary project of San José State University involves the departments of structural, mechanical and electrical engineering, computer science, industrial design, urban planning, business, and public administration. Read more…

news_sandJerry Sanders on SkyTran

“While we’re complaining about traffic, quite often we miss out on the fact that we ourselves are the traffic.” This statement, perhaps, is an accurate picture of daily commute in our crowded metros. With the ever-increasing population, massive urbanization and limited space, surface transport is poised to take shelter…Read more…

news_prtpThe Need for Change

The automobile was a revolution in transportation.  Safer and more reliable than the horse and buggy, it transformed our way of life.  But our love affair with the automobile is on the skids….ever increasing congestion, the price of gasoline, and the environmental problems inherent in burning fossil fuels.   We find ourselves at a new transportation crossroad – the current system is simply unsustainable.  Read more…

news_eco2EcoPRT

In today’s world, and especially in the United States, municipal rapid transit systems are fairly rare because nearly all require substantial government subsidies to maintain financial viability. We are proposing a new personal rapid transit architecture with a unique economic design that allows a for-profit, private funding model. Read more…

news_GVL2Greenville Rising

Imagine finely meshed networks of podcar services accessible by a portal not too far away from you are now, and where you want to go. Embellish this image with nicely landscaped walkways and bikeways. Why not put traffic and traffic noise in the background? Read more…

news_yapPersonal Rapid Transit (PRT) Concept in NUS

Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) is a type of automated guideway transit which usually carries up to 6 passengers per vehicle. PRT allows for non-stop point to point travel, bypassing all intermediate stations. It is able to negotiate tight turns in National University of Singapore (NUS) campus due to its relatively constraint space. Read more…

news_gvlsDriverless pods to be tested on U.K streets in Government bid “to cut congestion and improve safety”

The business secretary Vince Cable today announced funding for a project to trial driverless ‘pods’ on designated pathways in Milton Keynes. Cable declares today that driverless cars “have the potential to cut congestion and pollution and improve road safety”. Read more…

Minimising average passenger waiting time in personal rapid transit systems

Abstract. Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) is an emerging urban transport mode. A PRT system operates much like a conventional hackney taxi system, except that the vehicles are driven by computer (no human driver) between stations in a dedicated network of guideways. The world’s first two PRT systems began operating in 2010 and 2011. In both PRT and taxi systems, passengers request immediate service; they do not book ahead. Perfect information about future requests is therefore not available, but statistical information about future requests is available from historical data. Read more…

news_podU.K. town will build driverless podcar system

Driverless cars are coming to one town in the United Kingdom faster than you might imagine.
Milton Keynes, a town of more than 200,000 people, announced that it will begin a pilot program for a transit system that uses driverless, electric podcars starting in 2015.
Driverless cars are coming to one town in the United Kingdom faster than you might imagine. Milton Keynes, a town of more than 200,000 people, announced that it will begin a pilot program for a transit system that uses driverless, electric podcars starting in 2015. Read more…

news_ultra25Driverless cars to invade England by 2015

If you’ve been to London’s Heathrow Airport recently, chances are you’ve caught a glimpse of something called an ULTra PRT transport pod. Since 2011, these driverless pods have been shuttling travelers from terminal to terminal at the massive airport. That’s all well and good, but now these driverless robo-cars are breaking free of their confines and heading out into the city streets. Read more…

Personal Rapid Transit News (October, 2013)

Thursday, October 3rd, 2013

Breaking news related to automated transit networks (ATN – an umbrella term for personal rapid transit (PRT) and group rapid transit (GRT) systems, also known as podcars), along with links where available. Reader beware: we publish links to articles that appear to be newsworthy, without concern as to whether or not they are for or against PRT and without checking their sources. Comment directly on the original article, not here.

news_elonElon Musk’s Hyperloop Concept Becomes A Company

Ground may already have been broken for California’s high speed rail network, but Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk’s competing Hyperloop transport system has moved a step closer to reality. Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) is the new company aimed at turning Musk’s pneumatic pod system into rapid-transit reality. Read more…

news_pcc7WIRED IN WASHINGTON

Over a hundred global podcar warriors were buzzing strong at the 7th Podcar City conference last week in Arlington VA, hardly a cannon shot from the Pentagon. PCC7was mostly a US-Swedish affair pollinated with welcome news and views from Mexico, Singapore, Bolivia, Italy, Poland and France.  Ultra, Vectus and 2getthere were quietly absent.  Ingmar Andreasson – respected Swedish academic, innovative PRT simulator and ATRA VP – and Peter Muller, Colorado-based PRT expert – echoed views of the ATRA Industry Group. Read more…

news_mkBattery-powered driverless cars will run on the pavements of Britain within TWO YEARS

Driverless cars that can hit speeds of 12mph will be gliding along pavements and using sensors to avoid hitting pedestrians by 2015. GPS technology will enable the battery-driven two-person “pods” to steer round objects, people and each other. Read more…

news_sha

New Patterns in Urban Planning for Car-Free Development

Cities everywhere face a number of transportation-related challenges including traffic jams, crashes, poor air quality, and inadequate parking. Automated Transit Networks (ATNs) have been developed as a means of addressing these and other problems. An ATN uses small vehicles that are routed over a network of overhead guideways by computer control. Read more…

news_leanPodcars – Embracing a Lean Production Culture

More than two decades ago I mused that it would be great if I could drive a couple of miles to the highway intersection, park and board a small vehicle that would whisk me the twenty-six miles to my downtown San Diego office. The ‘practical’ side of me quickly dismissed the idea of a transit system of small automated vehicles as financially prohibitive. Read more…

news_sporSWEDEN Finds Conventional Transit NOT Worthwhile to Reduce GHG

A new official Swedish report concludes that as a strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, even significant expansions of mass transit have little payback. Report #793 –The Role of public transport for carbon emission reductions — was issued last summer… Read more…

news_greenUK Minister Lord Green Visits the Heathrow pod

Ultra Global were recently delighted to host Lord Green, Minister of State for Trade and Investment as he visited the company’s Heathrow pod personal rapid transit (PRT) system. In addition to a visit to the control room the Minister was able to take a return trip on the pods which have provided close to a million passengers with a link between Terminal 5 and the terminals designated Business Car Park. Read more…

news_ecoPolish PRT System Announced

Warsaw University of Technology displayed its new PRT technology at the recent Eco – Mobility conference in Rzeszów. The three year development was within 1 million €, mostly funded by the EU. Read more…

news_carlSwift Tram Wins NASA Transportation Contest

NASA TechBriefs has announced its 2013 Create the Future contest winners.  Boulder-based Swift Tram has won the top honor in the Transportation and Automotive category. “Swift is a provider of automated people movers, or APMs,” said CEO Carl Lawrence. “Our first product, the SwiftAPM 100, will be available in 2016. Read more…

news_rzeCity of Rzeszów PRT Project

The City of Rzeszow in South East Poland has announced that it is to seek funding from the EU for an advanced transportation project including both a monorail and PRT system. The city has a population of  163,000 and is close to the borders of Ukraine and Slovakia making it an important communications centre. Read more…

news_shimlaHimachal Pradesh moots proposal for Urban Mobility Transport Authority

SHIMLA: To streamline the transport network in urban areas of Himachal Pradesh, the urban development department has mooted a proposal to set up Urban Mobility Transport Authority (UMTA) in the hill state, which would not only suggest ways and means to decongest towns but would also implement new projects like ropeways, mass rapid transit systems and personal rapid transit (PRT) systems in a better manner. Read more…

news_ssj

The Future of Roads: No Driving, No Emissions, Nature Reconnected

Suppose we could move gloriously and quietly along in our own comfortable car compartment some 20 feet high between the trees, yet with no engine running, no fossil fuel use, no greenhouse gas emissions, and no need to watch the road. Read more…

news_recPersonal rapid transit

Transportation costs billions of dollars per year for infrastructure construction and maintenance, plus the annual operating costs of the systems. This is a serious burden on the taxpayer. The majority of transportation systems are simply modern versions of old technology — and people prefer to drive a car. Isn’t it time for a completely new look at personal transportation using modern technology? Read more…

Urban Monorail Systems
The rise of Personal Rapid Transit
news_intUrban Monorail Systems, The rise of Personal Rapid Transit

…A while back, a reader suggested I check out an innovative urban transportation system called SkyTran. Later, another reader wrote to tell me about a different urban mass-transit solution called the RUF (Rapid Urban Flexible) system… Clearly, this was a meme worth investigating. Read more…

news_innHeathrow Pod part of UKTI GREAT Campaign

Images from Ultra Global’s Heathrow pod personal rapid transit have been included within UK Trade and Investments (UKTI) ‘Britain is GREAT’ campaign. The promotion which is designed to showcase the very best of what Britain can offer was originally launched in September 2011 by Prime Minister David Cameron. Read more…

Conference Season

Tuesday, October 1st, 2013
Conference Season
The conference season seems to be upon us so here is some information (in date order) about some upcoming conferences relevant to personal rapid transit.
Innovations In Sustainable Transportation Conference, Renaissance Flatiron Hotel, 500 Flatiron Boulevard, Broomfield, Colorado 80021, October 10-11, 2013. This conference will include plenaries, break-out sessions, exhibits, and several opportunities for participants to meeting informally with one another. It is intended for:
Anyone who shares a passion for sustainable transportation
Thought leaders involved with innovative transportation ideas for last mile, medium distance, and long-range travel
Inventors, researchers and educators working on new transportation technologies
Business owners, manufacturers, and investors interested in the next wave transportation systems
Speakers include:
Daryl Oster: CEO, ET3 Global Alliance
Steven Dale: President, Creative Urban Proj. Inc.
Paul Williamson: Science Advisor, SkyTran
Emily Drennen: CEO, SMARTmuni
Bill James: Founder and CEO, Jpods
Jim Turner: CEO, Optibikes
Shyla Liebscher: GIS System Analyst
Clyde Mann: Founder “Day of Innovation”
Will Toor: SWEEP, Transportation Prog. Dir.
Peter Muller: President, PRT Consulting, Three PRT Case Studies
The conference starts with a reception at 5:00 PM on October 10 and, on the 11th , has sessions and networking from 8:00AM to 6:00 PM. Conference Website.
Podcar City 7, Innovations in Public Transportation, George Mason University, Arlington, VA, October 23-25, 2013. The purpose of this conference is To provide a networking environment to educate, facilitate and convene for a free flow of thoughts, ideas and concepts – to develop and showcase new and improved modes of transportation based on sustainability and renewable energy so that the efficiency and state of existing transportation systems can be improved and enhanced.
The keynote presentation will be by Congressman Jim Oberstar and speakers will include:
Rod Diridon
Magnus Hunhammer
Stefan Hanna
Christa Lopes
Ron Swenson
Matthew Lesh
Alain Kornhauser
Burford Furman
David Little
Shannon McDonald
Ann-Chr Frickner
Susan Herre
Donna Maurillo
Peter Muller
Sanjeev Shah
Fred Payne
The conference is presented by INIST in cooperation with ATRA, Kompass, US DOT, George Mason University and the Mineta Transportation Institute. It starts with a reception from 5:00 to 7:00 PM on the 23rd. On the 24th sessions are from 8:45 AM to 5:30 PM followed by a banquet at 7:30 PM. Sessions start at 9:00 AM on the 25th and conclude at 5:00 PM. Conference website.
3rd International Conference on Urban Public Transportation Systems, National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, Paris, France, November 17 – 20, 2013. This Conference will offer a forum for civil engineers seeking to address civil engineering applications associated with all modes of public transportation, including bus and rail. Papers of particular interest to this audience include:
PRT Statewide Application: the Conceptual Design of a Transit System Capable of Serving Essentially All Daily trips – Alain Kornhauser, Ph.D., Princeton University, USA
Planning for Personal Rapid Transit: How to Plan for this Paradigm-Breaking Mode of Transportation – Peter Muller, PRT Consulting, USA
PRT Mode Share Estimations using a Direct Demand Stated Preference Method – Joerg Schweizer, Ph.D., University of Bologna, Italy
PRT Urban Applications, Small to Large – Peter Muller, PRT Consulting, USA
Personal Rapid Transit Live Applications Challenges – Joerg Schweizer, Ph.D., University of Bologna, Italy
PRT as a Supplement to Existing Transportation Modes – Ingmar Andreasson, Ph.D., LogistikCentrum AB, Sweden
This conference is presented by the American Society of Civil Engineers. Conference website.
The conference season seems to be upon us so here is some information (in date order) about some upcoming conferences relevant to personal rapid transit.

Innovations In Sustainable Transportation Conference, Renaissance Flatiron Hotel, 500 Flatiron Boulevard, Broomfield, Colorado 80021, October 10-11, 2013. This conference will include plenaries, break-out sessions, exhibits, and several opportunities for participants to meeting informally with one another. It is intended for:

Anyone who shares a passion for sustainable transportation
Thought leaders involved with innovative transportation ideas for last mile, medium distance, and long-range travel
Inventors, researchers and educators working on new transportation technologies
Business owners, manufacturers, and investors interested in the next wave transportation systems

Speakers include:

Daryl Oster: CEO, ET3 Global Alliance
Steven Dale: President, Creative Urban Proj. Inc.
Paul Williamson: Science Advisor, SkyTran
Emily Drennen: CEO, SMARTmuni
Bill James: Founder and CEO, Jpods
Jim Turner: CEO, Optibikes
Shyla Liebscher: GIS System Analyst
Clyde Mann: Founder “Day of Innovation”
Will Toor: SWEEP, Transportation Prog. Dir.
Peter Muller: President, PRT Consulting, Three PRT Case Studies

The conference starts with a reception at 5:00 PM on October 10 and, on the 11th , has sessions and networking from 8:00AM to 6:00 PM. Conference Website.

Podcar City 7, Innovations in Public Transportation, George Mason University, Arlington, VA, October 23-25, 2013. The purpose of this conference is To provide a networking environment to educate, facilitate and convene for a free flow of thoughts, ideas and concepts – to develop and showcase new and improved modes of transportation based on sustainability and renewable energy so that the efficiency and state of existing transportation systems can be improved and enhanced.

The keynote presentation will be by Congressman Jim Oberstar and speakers will include:
Rod Diridon
Magnus Hunhammer
Stefan Hanna
Christa Lopes
Ron Swenson
Matthew Lesh
Alain Kornhauser
Burford Furman
David Little
Shannon McDonald
Ann-Chr Frickner
Susan Herre
Donna Maurillo
Peter Muller
Sanjeev Shah
Fred Payne

The conference is presented by INIST in cooperation with ATRA, Kompass, US DOT, George Mason University and the Mineta Transportation Institute. It starts with a reception from 5:00 to 7:00 PM on the 23rd. On the 24th sessions are from 8:45 AM to 5:30 PM followed by a banquet at 7:30 PM. Sessions start at 9:00 AM on the 25th and conclude at 5:00 PM. Conference website.

3rd International Conference on Urban Public Transportation Systems, National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, Paris, France, November 17 – 20, 2013. This Conference will offer a forum for civil engineers seeking to address civil engineering applications associated with all modes of public transportation, including bus and rail. Papers of particular interest to this audience include:

PRT Statewide Application: the Conceptual Design of a Transit System Capable of Serving Essentially All Daily trips – Alain Kornhauser, Ph.D., Princeton University, USA
Planning for Personal Rapid Transit: How to Plan for this Paradigm-Breaking Mode of Transportation – Peter Muller, PRT Consulting, USA
PRT Mode Share Estimations using a Direct Demand Stated Preference Method – Joerg Schweizer, Ph.D., University of Bologna, Italy
PRT Urban Applications, Small to Large – Peter Muller, PRT Consulting, USA
Personal Rapid Transit Live Applications Challenges – Joerg Schweizer, Ph.D., University of Bologna, Italy
PRT as a Supplement to Existing Transportation Modes – Ingmar Andreasson, Ph.D., LogistikCentrum AB, Sweden

This conference is presented by the American Society of Civil Engineers. Conference website.